Geopolitics under Globalization

ISSN 2543-5493 (print), 2543-9820 (online)
Issued since September 2016
Publisher LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives”
Founder Sp. z o.o. Kozmenko Science Publishing
Geopolitics under Globalization

Journal is open-access.

The main purpose of the journal is to highlight the trends of modern geopolitics and geopolitical consequences of changes to various recipients.

The journal is reckoned on researchers, lecturers and students specializing in international relations, public administration, professionals and government agencies, supranational and non-governmental organizations. It was founded by Kozmenko Science Publishing SP ZOO (Gliwice, Poland). The journal is open-access and published by LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives” (Sumy, Ukraine) with annual frequency.

Topics covered by the journal:

  • Geopolitics as a separate branch of knowledge
  • Theoretical foundations of geopolitics
  • Country in geopolitical relations
  • Geopolitical relationship with geoeconomics
  • Geopolitical relationship with geoculture
  • The impact of globalization on the geopolitical processes
  • Political interaction of different hierarchical levels
  • Wars as a geopolitical processes and military geopolitics
  • Geopolitics in the field of natural resources and ecology
  • Social and ethnic geopolitics
  • Development forecasts in international markets and political arenas

Subject Area – Social Sciences. Subject Category – Communication, Cultural Studies, Demography, Development, Geography, Planning and Development, Law, Political Science and International Relations, Social Work, Sociology and Political Science, Urban Studies.

Subject Area – Business, Management and Accounting. Subject Category – Business and International Management, Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous), Industrial Relations, Marketing, Strategy and Management.

Subject Area – Multidisciplinary. Subject Category – Multidisciplinary.

Subject Area – Economics, Econometrics and Finance. Subject Category – Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous).

Subject Area – Decision Sciences. Subject Category – Decision Sciences (miscellaneous).


Open Access Statement

Journal is committed to full open access for scholarly publications. All articles are available to all users immediately upon publication (without registration on the site and embargo period).

By "open access" to this [research] literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution and the only role for copyright in this domain should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. (Source:

Benefits of the open access are: increased citation and usage; rapid publication; faster impact with permissive licenses; copyright retention by the author.
Authors can choose either of Creative Commons licenses (CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY-NC 4.0). Find detailed information in the Copyright section.


Editorial Board Structure (for more information - Guidelines for editors and reviewers): 1. Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the Journal, defines its development strategy and determines its aims and scope, takes the final controversial decisions. Holds the editorial meetings and represents, suggests (for indexing, abstracting,..), promotes the Journal to the outside audience. 2. Managing Editor checks the manuscripts at the initial stage, supports the peer review process managing, assists authors and Editors, arranges the final documents for publishing process and has regulatory control over the deadlines. 3. Section Editors handle the peer review process on manuscripts assigned to them by the Editor-in-Chief. 4. Editorial Board Members review the manuscripts, involve independent reviewers, promote the Journal, and advise Journals strategy.

Editorial Office Contact Form

Send request to Editorial Office


Fedir Zhuravka

Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of International Economics, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.

Research interests: monetary economics, international economics, international finance, international economic relations, international financial markets.

Section Editors

Gideon Biger


Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, Department of Geography, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Research interests: historical and political geographer, dealing mainly with the Middle East historical geography and international boundaries all over the world.

Colin Flint


Ph.D., Professor of Political Science, Utah State University, Director, International Studies Major, Departmental Director of Graduate Studies, Co-Editor Geopolitics, USA.

Research interests: geopolitics, peace and conflict, world-systems theory, just war theory.

Romano Piras


Ph.D., Full Professor of Economics, Department of Social and Institutional Science, University of Cagliari, Italy.

Research interests: growth economics (theory and empirics), regional economics, migration economics (determinants of internal and international migration, impact of migration on the economy), human capital theory.

Editorial Board

Jean Allain


Ph.D., Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Law, Monash University, Australia.

Research interests: public international law, human rights. He is the leading legal expert on issues of slavery and trafficking.

Nayef Al-Rodhan


Ph.D., Honorary Fellow at St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, and Senior Fellow and Director of the "Program for Geopolitics and Global Futures" at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, Switzerland.

Research interests: neuroscientific underpinnings of international politics, geostrategy and sustainable national and global security, emerging technologies, space, geopolitics and the preconditions for moral and political cooperation.

Roberto Garza Barbosa


Ph.D., Professor of Law, School of Law, Tecnológico de Monterrey. Editor of IUSTITIA Law Revie, Mexico.

Research interests: intellectual property, international and comparative intellectual property, advanced topics on international law and international litigation, internet and computer law, private international law.

Roberto Giovanni Basile


Ph.D., Associate Professor of Applied Economics, Second University of Naples, Capua (CE), Member of the European project COST ISCH-1104, Italy.

Research interests: regional economics and statistic (regional convergence, location of firms and concentration of economic activity, regional unemployment, interregional migration, agglomeration economies, spatial econometrics and nonparametrics);firm behavior (export and internationalization of firms, pricing behavior of exporting firms, firm heterogeneity and business cycle).

Ansgar Belke


Ph.D., Full Professor, Faculty for Economics and Business Administration, University of Duisburg-Essen, Jean Monnet Professor, Germany.

Research interests: monetary economics, international macroeconomics, economic integration, economics of transformation, finance (centure capital, financial and capital markets), applied econometrics.

Arnab Bhattacharjee


Ph.D., Professor of Economics, School of Management & Languages; Accountancy, Economics and Finance, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Research: Arnab works primarily in applied econometrics focussing on foundations and methods to analyse spatial, panel and cross-section data, and with applications to several areas within the disciplines of economics and allied social sciences.

Paul Bischoff


Ph.D., Head of the Department of Political and International Studies at Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Research interests: foreign policy studies, international and regional organisation, African-China relations, election observation.

Valerija Botric


Ph.D., Senior research associate, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, Croatia.

Research interests: transition and post-transition economies, foreign direct investments, labour markets, migration, international trade, innovation.

Lise Bourdeau-Lepage


Ph.D., Full Professor of Geography, University of Lyon 3 Jean Moulin, Member of the mixed research unit “Environnement Ville Sociéte” (“Environment, City and Society”, CNRS, UMR 5600), France.

Research interests: urban geography and urban economics (urban forms, residential localization, urban sprawl, megacity formation and socio-spatial segregation) and metropolization (including the role of cities in the world and in history) in conjunction with the issue of sustainable development.
Current focus: socio-spatial inequalities in the city, Greater Paris, measurement of individuals’ well-being, role of nature in the city.

José Villaverde Castro


Ph.D., Professor of Economics, University of Cantabria, Spain, and Adjunct Professor of Economics, University of Limerick, Ireland.

Research interests: regional economics (regional convergence, structural change), migratory flows, international economics (analysis of FDI, monetary and real integration), economic impact analysis. 

Mitat Çelikpala


Ph.D., Professor of International Relations, Kadir Has University. The board member of the International Relations Council, Turkey.

Research interests: the Caucasus, North Caucasian Diaspora, people and security in the Caucasus and Black Sea regions, Turkish-Russian relations, energy security and critical infrastructure protection.

Gyula Csurgai


Ph.D., Professor, Academic Director of School for International Training (SIT), World Learning SIT Study Abroad University Program in International Studies and Multilateral Diplomacy, Switzerland.

Research interests: geopolitics, geopolitical analysis, geoeconomics.

Luca D'Acci


Ph.D., Head of Urban Environment, Sustainability and Climate Change at IHS, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands, and Honorary Fellow at Birmingham University, UK.

Research interests: future cities and societies, human habitats, urban forms, quality of life, urban economics.

Simon Dalby


Ph.D., CIGI Chair in the Political Economy of Climate Change at the Balsillie School of International Affairs, and Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies at Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada.

Research interests: climate change, political ecology, geopolitics, global security, militarization and the spatial dimensions of governance.

Raymond J. Dezzani


Ph.D.,  Associate Professor,  Department of Geography and Faculty in Statistical Sciences, University of Idaho, USA.

Research interests: economic geography, political geography/geopolitics, globalization, regional political/economic integration and inequality, philosophical foundations of geography and spatial processes, probabilistic political economy, spatial statistics and modeling, world-systems perspective, spatially-explicit evolutionary processes/landscape genetics.

Julie Le Gallo


Ph.D., Full Professor, Agrosup Dijon, CESAER. Member of Centre d’Economie et de Sociologie appliquées à l’Agriculture et auxEspaces Ruraux (CESAER, UMR 1041), France.

Professional interests:  land and housing prices(hedonic models, determinants of land and housing prices,environmental amenities, vineyard prices); location choices(suburbanisation and urban sprawl, socio-spatial segregation, FDIlocation, agglomeration economics);spatial disparities and economic growth(regional convergence, regional and urbanpolicies in Europe, cross-country convergence);local public economics(fiscal federalism, inter-municipality cooperation, publicprivate partnerships).

Rafael Grasa


Ph.D., Senior Lecturer on International Relations at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and President of the International Catalan Institute for Peace (ICIP), Spain.

Research interests: development studies and development planification/development cooperation, international theory, security studies, conflict analysis and conflict resolution, peace processes, peacebuilding and conflict transformation, peace and development indicators.

Serhat Güvenç


Ph.D., Professor, Member in the International Relations Department and Vice-Dean for Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences. Board member of the Foundation of Lausanne Treaty Emigrants, Kadir Has University, Turkey.

Research interests: Turkish foreign policy, European integration and security, diplomatic and military history.

Jozef Antoni Haber


Ph.D. economist, expert of geopolitics and international relations, expert on Global Economics (lecturer of the EMBA and MBA studies), Honorary Professor of the Jean Monnet Project (the EU), Hopnorary Professor of the Ukrainian Academy of Banking and Honorary Professor and Doctor of Science Honoris Causa of the University of Banking; Poznań School of Banking - Faculty in Chorzów, Poland.

Spheres of scientific interests: international relations and management, international development and environment.

Christis Hassapis


Ph.D., Associate Professor at the Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus, an elected member of the Council of the University of Cyprus, Cyprus.

Research interests: banking, international finance and macroeconomics.

Liow Kim Hiang


Ph.D., Professor of Real Estate, Department of Real Estate, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Research interests: economic globalization and international financial market integration, global real estate companies and real estate investment trusts, risk analysis and management, financial economics of real estate and corporate real estate asset management.

Jinn-yuh Hsu


Ph.D., Distinguished Professor, Department of Geography, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, China.

Research interests: economic geography, globalization and regional development, geographies of globalization, human geography.

Haifeng Huang


Ph.D., Professor, Assistant Dean, Peking University. Supervisor of the Ministry of Land and Resources, PRC. Executive Chairman of Ecological Development Union International, China.

Research interests: economic transition, strategic management, regional economics, green economy.

Ihor Ivasiv


Ph.D., Professor, Department of Banking, Kyiv National Economic University. Director, Institute of Credit Relations, Ukraine.

Research interests: banking, value-based management in financial institutions, corporate governance in financial institutions, corporate social responsibility.

Muhammad Aslam Khan Niazi


Ph.D. degree in International Relations, BrigGen (ret.), a member of the International Institute for Middle-East and Balkan Studies (IFIMES) in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Research interests: global/homeland security, defense, foreign policies, conflicts prediction/resolution, energy security and nuclear regime.

Rafael Leal-Arcas


Ph.D., Professor of European and International Economic Law, Queen Mary University of London, Director of Research at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, United Kingdom.

Research interests: international economic law and the external relations law of the EU.

Vasco Leite


Ph.D., Economist (Expert in Monitoring and Evaluation of Structural Funds), Norte Portugal Regional Coordination and Development Commission (CCDR-N). Professor, Faculty of Economy and Business Management, University of Lusiada, Portugal. Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave (IPCA), Portugal.

Research interests: new economic geography, urban economics, monitoring and evaluation of public programs, international economics, financial markets, spatial planning.

Ariunaa Lkhagvadorj


Ph.D., Professor, Head of Economics and Finance Department , National Academy of Governance, Mongolia.

Research interests: power engineering , public economics, fiscal policy, decentralization, intergovernmental fiscal relations system.

Tiiu Paas


Ph.D., Professor of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics and BusinessAdministration, University of Tartu, Estonia.

Research interests: regional disparities and development, convergence processes, economic growth and inequality, regional labour markets, international labour mobility and attitudes to immigration, labour productivity and structural change, spatial econometrics.

David Cantarero Prieto


Ph.D., Associate Professor at the Department of Economics, University of Cantabria.Director of the Master and Research Group of Health and Public Economics, Spain.

Research interests:  fiscal federalism, regional economics, and health economics, monitoring and evaluation of public programs and policies, economic analysis (statistics and econometrics) in social research, taxation.

George Manuel de Almeida Ramos


Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Polytechnic Instituteof Castelo Branco, Management School. Member of Technical Team – Project “Local Educational Plan for Idanha-a-Nova Municipality”. Social and Human Sciences Department Coordinator, Portugal.

Research interests: сultural landscapes, tourism and development.

Leila Simona Talani


Ph.D., Professor of European Politics and Political Economy, King’s College London, England.

Research interests: international political economy and the Middle East, European political economy, the crisis of the Euro-Zone, the City of London and the British financial sector, Italy and the EMU. 

Ian Taylor


Ph.D., Professor in International Relations and African Politics at University of St. Andrews, Scotland.

Research interests: sub-Saharan Africa's political economy and it’s international relations, the history of Afro-Asian diplomacy, emerging South-South relations and the notion of "rising powers" (e.g. the BRICS) and the implications for global governance and development. 

Aili Mari Tripp


Ph.D., Professor of Political Science and Gender & Women's Studies, Department of Gender and Women's Studies, the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Director of the Center for Research on Gender and Women, USA.

Research interests: African politics, comparative politics, women and politics and gender studies in an international context.
Tripp has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the Victoria Schuck award of the American Political Science Association for the best book on women and politics.

Victor Trynchuk


Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of Department of Insurance Institute of Postgraduate Education and Business, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Research interests: history of insurance, insurance market, strategy of development of insurance business, insurance protection mechanism of National economy within world economic changes, risks management, interactive methods in teaching future insurance professionals.

Camelia Florela Voinea


Ph.D., Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, International Relations and Security Studies, Faculty of Political Science, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.

Research interests: political attitudes, political culture, political research methodology, modeling and simulation, agent-based modeling, artificial societies, artificial polities.

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The editorial assistant will inform you when you can pay Article Processing Charge (APC) and will provide with all instructions (the payment can be made only in case of acceptanсe for publication, for open access articles).

Editorial Policies and Publication Ethics

All manuscripts submitted to the “Geopolitics under Globalization” Journal are double-blind peer reviewed. Limited Liability Company “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives” is the publisher of the Journal. The Company is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and follows Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Guidelines for editors and reviewers

Peer review

Conflicts of interest

Research misconduct policies

Correction and retraction policy


Plagiarism Statement

All manuscripts that are being sent for an external peer review, are screened for originality. By submitting their manuscripts to the journal authors are agreeing to any necessary originality checks the manuscript may have to undergo during the publication process.

The Publishing Company "Business Perspectives" advocates adherence to the principles of ethics and integrity of science, which is why it has chosen a reliable partner in ensuring the scientific publications quality and has concluded a cooperation agreement with Unicheck.

The service was created by Ukrainian developers in 2014 and is actively functioning at academic institutions, universities, publishing houses, etc. in Ukraine, Belgium, the USA and other countries of the world.

Clear and manageable reporting data (search and ability to take properly cited sentences and list of references); colorizing all text similarities and generating a list of links to original sources; automatic determining the characters and letters replacement in the text, as well as the reverse automatic substitution into the text of the correct ones and search for a modified version plagiarism; one-page test rate is 2-4 seconds; possibility of simultaneous check up as much as 100 works; support for 18 file formats; and multilingualism (56 languages) are the service advantages. Thanks to the detailed reports generated by Unicheck, the evaluating each work gets much simpler and faster.

Besides the Ukrainian software, manuscripts are additionally tested using the powerful Similarity Check service initiated by the PILA publishers association and embedded in CrossRef international scientific and research information register. This service is developed for publishers to prevent scientific and professional plagiarism; it consists of Similarity Check and the iThenticate tool, which compares the author's work with the database contents and shows similarities or similar text for further review of the academic paper.

Plagiarism implies the use another author's work without permission or acknowledgement. Plagiarism may have different forms from copying word by word to rewriting. While defining plagiarism the following definitions are taken into account:

Literal copying
Copying the work word by word, in general or in parts, without permission or acknowledgement of the source. Literal copying is clearly plagiarism and is easily detected by plagiarism software.

Substantial copying
Replicating substantial part of the work without permission and confirmation of the source. In determining what is "substantial", both the quantity and the quality of the copied content are relevant. Quality is measured by relative value of copied text comparing to the whole text. Where the essence of the work was copied, even not very big part of it, plagiarism is identified.

Copying may be made without literal replicating, used in the original work. This type of copying is known as paraphrasing and it may be the most difficult type of plagiarism to reveal.
Plagiarism in all its forms is unacceptable and will lead to immediate rejection of the paper along with possible sanctions against authors.


Publication History

The journal “Geopolitics under Globalization” (ISSN 2543-5493 (print), 2543-9820 (online)) was founded by Sp. z o.o. Kozmenko Science Publishing (Gliwice, Poland) in 2016 (Akt XII Ns Rej Pr 60/16). It is published quarterly in English. Since October, 2017 the Journal supports open-access and is issued with quarterly frequency. All articles are available to all users immediately upon publication (without registration on the site and embargo period).

From the 21st of November 2017 the Journal is published by LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives” (Sumy, Ukraine) in English with annual frequency.

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To contact the Managing Editor of the Journal:

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phone/fax: +38 (0542) 221707
postal address: Hryhorii Skovoroda lane, 10, Sumy 40022, Ukraine

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If you would like to make a complaint please contact:


Structure of the Paper and Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Before submission to the editorial staff of the journal, please check Research Misconduct Policies, infringement of which will result in immediate rejection of the manuscript and possible sanctions against the author.
The authors are strongly recommended to read the “Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English” at the website of The European Association of Science Editors (EASE), which guides our work.
Make sure that the manuscript presents an academic value, significance of research, as well as that its originality and practical significance are well described; the manuscript makes a contribution to earlier researches concerning the topic.

The author must take a close look at the manuscript requirements. They are not too rigid, but we recommend to meet them. Therefore, we ask the authors to make every effort to meet the requirements, as it will provide the quality of their materials and will make it easier for the editorial staff to set the manuscript for publication.

Please define the type of the manuscript of four possible variants and adhere to both the general guidelines and the recommendations, which are specific for the type of the chosen manuscript.

The following types of manuscripts can be submitted to the journal:

  • research paper, which is a final report on the finished original experimental study;
  • theoretical paper, which is devoted to theoretical study of the problem, which complies with the journal’s scope (structure of the Theoretical paper – Abstract, Introduction, Theoretical Basis, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion);
  • review paper, which is a study of concrete scientific problem, which complies with the journal’s scope and is conducted based on the materials of the scientific publications (structure of the Review paper – Abstract, Introduction, Literature review, generalization of the main statements, Discussion, and Conclusion);
  • short communication paper on the event (conference, seminar, exhibition, issue of the important monograph), which complies with the journal’s scope (the paper is structured by the author in his/her own, but with compulsory reference to the date and place of the event, however, it does not include a big list of references and supplementary materials) .

The manuscript should be sent to the journal via MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION FORM, with the filled and signed Cover letter form. Please, try hard to send a manuscript with good level of English. Well-written manuscripts will let editors and reviewers concentrate on their academic value.

Structure of the Research Paper

The presentation of the material in the manuscript should be built on the principle “from the general to the particular”.

The structure of research paper should consist of the following sections (it does not exclude the presence of additional subsections) – Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

The title of the manuscript should fully reflect the topic of the research and its content. It must be short and concrete (not more than 15 words). Besides it should catch the reader’s interest and it should be written using the scientific style. It is appropriate to point the object of research or concretize it using the colon or the brackets. It is not recommended to use contractions, but if used, then only for the commonly known ones.

Author (authors)
Here the name (first name and last name) of the author (authors) must be written. Those authors who use the patronymic or middle name should write only the first. The authors whose names are written in the Cyrillic alphabet must transliterate them correctly. Those who need the transliteration can use the websites or
After the names of the authors, there should be written their academic degree and academic rank, places of work (university, academic institution, etc. or the organization to which they belong) (Affiliation), city and country. If the name of city or country is already used as author's affiliation still both the city and the country should be indicated. The name of the organization or the institution must be indicated, separated by the comma in the nominative case and this name must be full, without contractions and abbreviations. Also the authors should indicate their e-mails.
If there are several authors, they make a decision themselves concerning the order of their mentioning in the title of the paper (recommended variant – depending on the contribution to the research). The list of authors includes only those persons who have really taken part in the research and agreed to bear full responsibility for its content. Research funding or taking part in paying the article processing charge is not a prerequisite for being included in the list of co-authors. While forming the list of the authors, a special attention should be paid to the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) principles.

In order to bring the academic degrees, academic ranks and occupations, which are used in some emerging economies or the developing countries, in line with the international standards, the corresponding table should be used ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS FOR ACADEMIC RANKS, DEGREES AND JOB TITLES.

It should be written using the following algorithm: first two or three sentences indicate the relevance of the topic; the aim and object of the study; the methodology (methods) of the study (for theoretical studies – its theoretical basis) are described; the obtained results and their practical value are characterized. At the same time, every statement must follow logically from the previous one. In the abstract for a research paper, it is recommended to use the numerical results. In the abstract of a review paper, the author can only point the issues discussed, without presenting the results. While writing the abstract, it is necessary to use the active voice instead of the passive voice, and such words as “thus”, “for instance”, “as a result”, etc. In the abstract, the author should not refer to any researches or other sources of information. The abstract should be written without subsections and without subtitles, i.e., is not structured. The text should be concise and original. It is not appropriate to use the sentences in the Abstract from the text of the paper. At the same time, the material which is absent in the paper cannot be presented in the Abstract. In the Abstract, the author should not refer to any sources, use tables and figures. The number of words must be in average 150-250.

The purpose of keywords is to provide the insight to the reader into the contents of the paper. They should reflect the area of the research. The number of keywords should be 5-10 in average. There should not be the sentences, but the words or word groups. If the object of the study is not mentioned in the title of the paper (including the country, the region), it should be added to the list of keywords. There is no need to replicate words from the title of the manuscript.

JEL Classification
If earlier the author was not aware of this classification system, he/she should attentively look through it in order to have a common understanding of all the areas defined in it The codes, indicated by the author should clearly reflect the research area. The author is welcome to use the codes from two or three areas, if they are covered in the research.

Both scientific issues and the relevance of the research should be substantiated and explained in the introduction. Also a problem statement should be pointed out. The introduction should not be long, the author should avoid using tables and figures.

Literature Review
Literature review provides an analysis and generalization of relevant works (papers, monographs, reports, theses, etc.), which describe the essence of the problem and/or give an understanding on the previous efforts to solve it. The Literature Review should comply with the aim of the research (“fitness for purpose”) and represent the results of critical analysis of the analytical base for testing the research hypothesis.
Literature review must not be limited only by works, which were published in the country where the author lives and works (the problem should be studied globally). Particularly it concerns the authors from non-English speaking countries (they are recommended to thoroughly analyze the works published in English).
If appropriate, normative legal acts are also analyzed.
Only those sources are given and analyzed in the paper, which really are valuable for the author’s research. The author cannot just make long lists of authors and their works, which are related to the investigated issues. The author cannot take the pieces of review text from other works with reference to other authors and include their works in the list of references. When citing, the author is obliged to observe ethical and moral principles.
While making literature review, the author can use own publications and refer to them, but only in order to describe the problem, but not to increase the citation level.
It is recommended to finish the literature review with the presentation of unsolved issues, identification of contradictions in the results and findings of the previous researches, justification of the need to continue the studies in this area and choice of the specific topic (direction) of this study.
In the literature review and throughout the text of the paper as a whole, references to the sources are made in compliance with Reference list and citation style guide or refer to APA formatting and style guide (American Psychological Association).

The aim describes main results in a short and concrete manner (in one sentence), the achievement of which is the purpose of the research. Here can also be mentioned several intermediate problems, the solution of which will ensure that the aim is achieved. The aim should not replicate the title of the manuscript.

The methods (methodology) of the study are indicated in this section (commonly known), which author uses in the research, and/or the methodology offered by the author himself is described in a short and concrete manner. If methods and procedures offered are used in other works, the author should refer to the original sources.
In this subsection of the theoretical paper the theoretical basis of the research should be described, theories, perspectives, formulae, equations should be presented.
If commonly known statistic procedures are used in the paper, the author should not describe their essence, it is sufficient just to point them.

Here empirical or theoretical data obtained in the process of the research are given. It is recommended to use figures, tables, graphs, schemes. The interpretation of the obtained results is not made in this section. Also there should not be presented the results, which were earlier obtained by the authors or other scientists.

Here the interpretation of the results obtained during the research is made. A comparison is made with the results obtained by other researchers.

In this section the main ideas of the manuscript are presented, the obtained results and their novelty are demonstrated. The possibility of practical use of the obtained results should be outlined and the directions for further scientific research should be offered.

In this subsection, the relevant scientific programs, grants, scholarships, contracts are indicated.
The author can also mention the persons or organizations, which helped him in conducting the research (access to information, organization of the survey, interview, etc.) and preparation of the paper (advice at the stage of writing, critical remarks, help in calculations, etc.).

The list of references must be made in the alphabetical order. While indicating the source, which was analyzed in the source language (not in English), it should be indicated first in the source language, then the transliteration should be made in brackets. It is recommended that it should be done with the transliteration for English-speaking systems (it is better to use transliteration of the system British Standards Institution.
Download “Business Perspectives” Reference list and citation style guide or refer to APA formatting and style guide.
Transliteration from Ukrainian can be made with the help of Ukrainian transliteration and the website, from Russian – with the help of Russian transliteration, from several other languages, which use the Cyrillic alphabet, with the help of the website

Supplementary Materials
The supplementary materials are the big size figures, tables, graphs, schemes, photographs, etc., which are referred to throughout the text of the paper.

Paper Submission Guidelines
The number of words in the paper may vary from 4000 to 6000 (for short communication paper – from 1000 to 2000).Considering the issue concerning the calculation of the number of words in the paper, the information about the authors, title, abstract and keywords, list of references and appendices should not be included. The number of sources, in the list of references, should not exceed 50. Supplementary materials should not exceed 5 pages. Note, that the paper should be submitted in the format Microsoft Word or compatible (.DOC, .DOCX).
Tables, schemes, figures, photographs of other authors should not be used in the text of the paper without their written permission.
The presentation of the text in the paper must comply with the Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

Publishing process

Submission process
To make a submission, please send a manuscript in MS Word format (.doc or .docx), and completed Cover letter via MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION FORM.
Make sure that all supplementary materials (tables, figures, equations, and images) are editable. In case the Managing Editor asks to send editable elements, please do it as soon as possible to start the reviewing process. To prepare your manuscript for submission, please read Submission Guidelines.
Infringement of Research Misconduct Policies will result in paper rejection and possible sanctions against authors.

Review process
All papers are "double-blind" peer-reviewed. Detailed information can be found in Peer Review section.
All authors receive reviewer’s comments immediately after the manuscript had been reviewed. The authors have the opportunity to request a Referee Report, which they receive without revealing the identity of the reviewer and can appeal against editorial decisions responding to the referees with authors’ arguments and explanations.

Article Processing Charges (APC)
APC are paid by the authors in order for their articles to be published in open-access under one of Creative Commons licenses. APC cover the costs of publication process, including peer-review administrating, copy editing, hosting the files etc. APC is different for each journal; the detailed information can be found here.

After the paper is typeset, the publisher will provide the authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of errors. Only changes to the title of the paper, list of authors or scientific errors will be considered and further approved by the publishing team. The publisher is not responsible for the errors which are the results of authors' oversight. We reserve the right to make the final decision regarding style and the size of figures.

Personal Information Use and Protection

Provided personal information:

  • contact information (name, e-mail address, post address, and phone number);
  • information about education and professional experience;
  • sign-in information;
  • information about payment, e.g. credit or debit cards numbers;
  • comments, reviews and messages you have posted at our resource;

Publisher may use authors’ personal information to:

  • maintain the terms of copyright;
  • find, investigate, and prevent security threat, fraud or other malpractice;
  • provide authors with our resources, give them access to our products and services, fulfill order or transaction, hold researches or transactions;
  • address authors’ claims, comments or problems;
  • provide technical support;
  • provide authors with individual personalized content and services;
  • improve the quality of our resources, work out new products and services;
  • define and analyze new trends;
  • inform authors about all changes and updates of our resources, products and services.

We may share authors’ information with appropriate agents, representatives, mutual establishments and organizations, we are agents or sponsors to. This information may be shared only for appropriate reasons, which may be important for us in business matters or according to our legal obligations.

LLC “CPC “Business Perspectives” takes all necessary precautionary measures to protect your personal information from theft, abuse, unauthorized access, disclosure, change, and distraction with the help of appropriate administrative, physical, and technical measures in providing security.



LLC “CPC "Business Perspectives” protects your rights as an author and guarantees that any juridical information and questions regarding author’s right will be regulated.

Open-access articles
Authors whose articles are published in open-access retain copyright to the content of the articles. The publisher is granted the right to make the first publication of the article. Open access articles can be published under one of the following Creative Commons licenses by the author's choice (remember that licenses are irrevocable).

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0: allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0: allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise re-used provided the purpose of these activities is not for commercial use and the content is attributed. Commercial use means use of the content by a commercial organization or individual for direct or indirect gain or remuneration.


If the article is published in open-access under CC BY 4.0 or CC BY-NC 4.0 licenses, users may reproduce it in accordance with their terms.

Additionally, if the article had been published under CC BY-NC 4.0, the use for the following commercial purposes requires permission:

  • reproduction of content in a work or product intended for sale;
  • reproduction in presentations, brochures or other marketing materials used for commercial purposes;
  • distribution of the content to promote or market a person, product, course, service or organization;
  • text and data mining for the purpose of creating a saleable product or product which benefits from promotional or advertising revenue;
  • use of the content by a commercial entity or individual for the purposes of remuneration, directly or indirectly through sale, licensing, promotion or advertising;
  • linking to the content (in an email, webpage, portable electronic device or otherwise) for the specific purpose of marketing or advertising a person, product, course, service or organization for commercial benefit.

For further details and permission requests, please contact


Acceptance rate

Editorial Board members and reviewers constantly work on increasing the efficiency of manuscripts evaluation and selection of the papers that present extreme importance to the scientific field. In this respect, there are factors that result in a rejection of a significant share of papers submitted for publication. The reasons for rejection can be different. Main reasons are listed in Peer Review and Research Misconduct Policies.

Kozmenko Science Publishing emphasizes that in no case place of work or country of residence of the scientist, his racial or religious affiliation can be the reason for rejection.

In this respect, we ask the authors to pay attention to necessity of observing publication ethics principles. Submitted manuscripts should be relevant in content and comply with the aim, tasks and specialization of the journal.

The language of the manuscript should be professional, and the format should comply with the standards given. Weak English and incompliance with the format standards will not obligatorily lead to rejection, but can delay paper acceptance until the author makes the amendments. The acceptance rate for the journal is calculated as a number of manuscripts accepted for publication compared with total number of manuscripts submitted in one year.

To have a clear vision about period of consideration and process of review of your paper, authors can always contact the Managing Editor. Period of paper consideration is not fixed and can be changed depending on different factors, but our employees will keep you informed about the status of the publishing process.

On average, it takes 65 days to make a publication decision after receiving the submitted manuscript.

Number of articles published in “Geopolitics under Globalization”:

2017 – 10


Self-Archiving Policy

The author may deposit pre-print version of the paper (manuscript by the author, submitted to the journal, before peer-review and without any editorial amendments) to any platform anytime with acknowledgement to the Publisher and the Journal (acknowledgement should be made as follows: "This is a pre-peer-reviewed version of the paper submitted for publication to [name of the Journal] published by LLC “CPC "Business Perspectives”).

The author may deposit post-print version of the paper (accepted version of the manuscript after peer-review and content amendments, but before copyediting, typesetting and proof correction) to the author's personal website, provided that it is non-commercial, and to the repository of the author's institution with acknowledgement of the Publisher and the Journal (acknowledgement should be made as follows: "This is an accepted peer-reviewed version of the paper. The published version of the article is available at LLC “CPC "Business Perspectives” at").

The Author may deposit published version of the paper (final edited and typeset version that is made publicly available by the Publisher and can be considered an article) to any institutional repository, and distribute and make it publicly available in any way with acknowledgement to the Publisher and the Journal (acknowledgement should be made as follows: "This is a published version of the paper, available at LLC "CPC "Business Perspectives" at[DOI of the article]").


Article processing charge

The APC (Article processing charge) is paid once, only if the manuscript is accepted for publication after being peer reviewed (Business Perspectives does not use submission or review charges).

The article processing charge (APC) ensures the full immediate access to the article on the publisher’s website (without registration on the site and embargo period). The APC covers the costs of publication process (copy editing, formatting the text, to compose the figures and tables, etc.) including the administrating of peer-review process, the permanent archiving of the articles, site administrating (hosting the files of the articles, maintenance and support of the site), the promotion of the journal and articles (to share the journals content all over the world, serve the indexing services, etc.) and customers support.

Article processing charge for “Geopolitics under Globalization” for the authors with affiliation in high-income countries  or upper middle-income countries is 125 €, APC for the authors with affiliation in lower middle-income countries 80 € and APC for the authors with affiliation in low-income countries is 55 €. Please request an invoice (or information about other methods of payment) from an editorial assistant or follow the link to Pay online.

If the size of the manuscript exceeds the established limit (6000 words) then authors should contact an editorial assistant to elaborate on publication details.
Please pay attention that LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives” can’t receive payments from high-risk and non-cooperative countries. The jurisdictions list

During the publishing process the authors can order the printed copy of the issue from an editorial assistant per 125 €.

In order to enhance the publishing opportunities for authors from low-income countries, the Publishing Company provides a system of partial compensation of Article Processing Charges. The Publisher also offers personal discounts for some authors from these countries. In such cases the author should apply to the Publisher with a fully substantiated request concerning both discounts for APC or for a free publication. Such an application is considered in each case individually.



Fedir Zhuravka

Doctor of Economics, Professor of department of accounting and auditing, Professor of Sumy State University, Ukraine.

Spheres of scientific interests: state financial control, financial risks management, derivatives of financial instruments operations and its accounting, currency regulations.