Conflicts of interest

Conflicts of interest comprise those which may not be fully apparent and which may influence the judgment of author, reviewers, and editors. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make a reader to feel misled or deceived. They may be personal, commercial, ideological, academic, or financial.

When authors submit a manuscript of any type or format they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias or be seen to bias their work. This includes declaration of all sources of funding. All authors that publish in our journals are obliged to declare conflicts of interest if there are any. Declared conflicts of interest will be considered by the editor and Conflict of Interest Statement will appear in our journals at the end of the published article.

Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. Reviewers should be objective and constructive, declare all potential conflicting interest, seeking advice from the editors if they are unsure whether something constitutes a relevant interest; do not allow their reviews to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the author, which could be implied in the manuscript.

Policies on handling submissions from founders, editorial staff, employees, editors, and editorial board members.

The founders are not required to publish in any Journal of “Business Perspectives”, the Managing Editor cannot publish own manuscript in the Journal, that he/she manages. If an employee, an editor, or editorial board member is the author of the manuscript submitted to the Journal, which he/she serves, then he/she cannot be involved in the decision making procedure concerning his/her own work. The web CRM System “Manuscript Administration System” (system for managing the manuscripts and peer review process) absolutely excludes the possibility of involving editors, editorial board members, and reviewers in the peer review if they are authors of the manuscript under consideration.

Editors who make final decisions about manuscripts should not make editorial and publication decisions if they have conflicts of interest related to articles under consideration. Editorial staff must not use information received through working with manuscripts for private gain. Guest editors should follow these same procedures.