Tourism and Travelling

ISSN 2544-2295 (print)
Publisher LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives”
Issued from December 2017
Tourism and Travelling

Journal is open-access.

The journal is an international edition which publishes the results of original scientific researches concerning tourism and trips and generalized examples from practical performance of organizations in this sphere. The journal is open-access and published by LLC “Consulting Publishing Company “Business Perspectives” (Sumy, Ukraine) with annual frequency.

The main focus of the journal is on the following issues:

  • types of tourist activity and trips, geography of tourism: international, national and regional tourism, independent and organized tourism, secondary wellness and business tourism, ecological and green tourism, medical and health tourism, sport tourism, etc.;
  • structure of tourism markets, dynamics of factors which characterize tourist activity;
  • relationship of tourism with environmental protection, politics, economy, finance and other components of public activity;
  • planning and management of trips, backpacking trips;
  • tourism and problems of legal nature: problems with visa, problems of non-compliance with the terms of the contract by tourist organizations, violation of rights of citizens while receiving a tourist service;
  • tourism and danger: terrorism, revolutions, natural disasters, etc.;
  • business and financial activity of tourist organizations, management and marketing of a tourist organizations, cooperation with insurance, medical, transport, hotel, excursion and other organizations;
  • upcoming trends of development of tourist activity, space tourism.

Subject Area – Business, Management and Accounting. Subject Category – Business and International Management, Marketing, Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management.

Subject Area – Economics, Econometrics and Finance. Subject Category – Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous).

Subject Area – Social Sciences. Subject Category – Communication, Cultural Studies, Demography, Geography, Planning and Development, Transportation, Urban Studies.

Submission guidelines

Please send a soft copy of your paper as an MS Word .doc file (all versions accepted) and filled Cover letter form to the following e-mail:
Editorial Assistant -


Open Access Statement

Journal is committed to full open access for scholarly publications. All articles are available to all users immediately upon publication of the issue.
Benefits of the open access are:increased citation and usage;rapid publication; faster impact with permissive licenses; copyright retention by the author.
Authors can choose either of Creative Commons licenses (CC-BY 4.0 or CC-BY-NC 4.0). Find detailed information in the Copyright section.



Olha Prokopenko


Ph.D., Professor at the Marketing and Entrepreneurship Department, University of Bielsko-Biala (Poland).

Research interests: motivation of the innovative activities; economics of the sustainable development; consumer behavior.

Editorial Board

Nikolaos Antonakakis


Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor and Department Head of Business and Management, Webster University, Austria; Visiting Fellow, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom; Visiting Assistant Professor, Johannes Kepler University, Austria.

Research interests: tourism economics, international economics, macroeconomics, european integration, financial economics, applied econometrics, health economics, energy economics.

Wolfgang Georg Arlt


Ph.D., Professor, Director of COTRI China Outbound Tourism Research Institute, Professor for International Tourism Management at West Coast University of Applied Sciences Germany, Hamburg, Germany.

Research interests: chinese outbound tourism, tourism management, international tourism management.

Olga O. Bakalinska


Doctor of Laws, Associate Professor, Head of Department of International Private, Commercial and Civil Law of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Research interests: EU law, human rights, competition law, commercial law, commercial procedural law.

Samiha Chemli


Ph.D. in Management of the Organizations, Associate Professor of Hotel Management, SIHOM Dept, University of Woosong, South Korea. Former Associate Professor of Tourism Marketing and Program Manager of the Master in Hotel and Tourism Management, Business School, University of La Manouba, Tunisia.

Research interests: marketing tourism destinations, crisis management, tourists’ behavior and perception, tourism regional development, tourism and hotel management.

Nimit Chowdhary


Professor, Nodal Officer Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM), Noida, India.

Research interests: training, research, tourism entrepreneurship, tour guiding, services companies.

Carlos Costa


Full Professor (Professor Catedrático), Head of the Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism (DEGEIT) of the University of Aveiro and Editor of the Journal of Tourism & Development (Revista de Turismo e Desenvolvimento), Portugal.

Research interests: tourism management, tourism economics.

John C. Crotts


Ph. D., Professor of Hospitality and Tourism Management in the School of Business at the College of Charleston located in Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Research interests: consumer behavior, economic psychology, sales and marketing, hospitality sales and negotiations, service, operations management, negotiations: principles and practices.

Saurabh Kumar Dixit


Associate Professor and founding Head, Department of Tourism and Hotel Management, North - Eastern Hill University, Shillong (Meghalaya), India.

Research interests: consumer behavior, service marketing, consumer loyalty and guest satisfaction, tourism and hotel management.

Erdogan Ekiz


Ph.D. in Tourism and Hotel Management, Associate Professor, Head of Travel and Tourism Department, King AbdulAziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Regional Vice President for the Middle East, International Tourism Studies Association.

Research interests: services marketing, service failure, customer complaint and service recovery activities, tourism’s unique characteristics on tourist complaining behavior and related processes.

Vicky Katsoni


Ph.D. in Tourism Marketing Management and ICT Applications in Tourism, Associate Professor at the Tourism Department of the Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Athens, Greece; Professor in Tourism Marketing in the MSc program of Tourism Management at the Greek Open University, Greece; academic supervisor of the e-Tourism Module at the National Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece; President of the nonprofit International Association of Cultural and Digital Tourism.

Research interests: tourism marketing, cultural tourism, e- tourism, and tourism consumer behavior.

Natalia P. Kusnetsova


Doctor of economic science, Professor Habil, Risk management and Insurance Department of the Economic Faculty, St.Petersburg State University, Russia.

Research interests: World and national insurance markets and their regulation. Financial conglomerates – comparative analysis of financial convergence and its governance in different countries. World Economy and Economic History, Economic Growth and economic development in different countries, Comparative economic systems.

Roxanna Michaelides


Ph.D., trainer, coach and speaker of seminars: Hospitality, and Tourism and Catering Industry, Member of Scientific Committee World Tourism Association. International Service Check Organization, Germany, Certified Mystery Shopper, Hospitality consultant; seminar/trainer coordinator, Cyprus Centre for Training of Human Resources, Educational Leadership for Higher Education, Cyprus.

Research interests: sustainable tourism and heritage tourism, quality of services in hospitality industry, niche tourism, hospitality industry mystery shopper, attractions around the world.

Alastair M. Morrison


Ph.D, distinguished Professor Emeritus specializing in the area of tourism and hospitality marketing in the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA, and the CEO of Belle Tourism International Consulting (BTI). He is the Past-President of the International Tourism Studies Association (ITSA).Prof. Morrison is a Visiting Professor at the University of Greenwich in London and the Co-Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Tourism Cities (IJTC), USA.

Research interests: tourism and hospitality management, marketing and tourism.

Nikola Perovic


Ph.D. in International Marketing and Management, Faculty Member of Business Department, Higher Colleges of Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Global Consultant, South East Europe Consult, Montenegro.

Research interests: cross-cultural relations management, marketing principles, technology-driven marketing, socially responsible retailing, international business and globalization, sustaining cultural identity through tourism and events.

Pieter Piket


Ph.D., Senior Lecturer at Breda University of Applied Sciences, Visiting Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Tourism and Hotel Management at Bethlehem University, Palestine., a member of the Advisory Editorial Boards of the “European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation” and the “Indian Journal of International Tourism & Hospitality Research”, Netherlands.

Research interests: tourism development investments and financing, tourism economics, economic aspects of sustainability, international economics, and international organizations - in particular the European Union.

Juan Ignacio Pulido-Fernández


Ph.D., Director of the Laboratory of Analysis and Innovation in Tourism (LAInnTUR), Associate Professor of Tourism Economics at the University of Jaén, Spain.

Research interests: tourism economics, sustainable tourism, destinations management, tourism impacts, and social network analysis.

Wadim Strielkowski


Ph.D. in Economics, Research Fellow, Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom; Head of the University Service Publishing, Czech Republic; Professor of Economics and Management, North-Caucasus Federal University, Russian Federation; Managing Director, Prague Institute for Qualification Enhancement, Czech Republic. Editor-in-Chief of Czech Journal of Social Sciences, Business and Economics and International Economics Letters.

Research interests: tourism economics, e-tourism, tourism marketing, international economics, international migration, energy economics, energy policy.

Arch G. Woodside


Professor of Marketing at Boston College and Curtin University and has recently served as a Visiting Professor of Marketing at the University of Bamberg, Germany, University of Santiago, Chile, INCAE in Costa Rica, and City University of Hong Kong, USA.

Research interests: business and industrial marketing; hospitality and tourism management; advertising; pricing, consumer research; decision-making.

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Structure of the Paper and Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Before submission to the editorial staff of the journal, please check Research Misconduct Policies, infringement of which will result in immediate rejection of the manuscript and possible sanctions against the author.
The authors are strongly recommended to read the “Guidelines for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English” at the website of The European Association of Science Editors (EASE), which guides our work.
Make sure that the manuscript presents an academic value, significance of research, as well as that its originality and practical significance are well described; the manuscript makes a contribution to earlier researches concerning the topic.

The author should attentively read the manuscript submission guidelines. These guidelines are not so rigid that even the slightest deviation from them will result in the refusal of the manuscript. However, we ask the authors to do their best to meet them, as it will provide the quality of their materials and will make it easier for the editorial staff to set the manuscript for publication.

Please define the type of the manuscript of four possible variants and adhere to both the general guidelines and the recommendations, which are specific for the type of the chosen manuscript.

The following types of manuscripts can be submitted to the journal:

  • original scientific paper, which is a final report on the finished original experimental study;
  • theoretical paper, which is devoted to theoretical study of the problem, which complies with the journal’s scope;
  • review paper, which is a study of concrete scientific problem, which complies with the journal’s scope and is conducted based on the materials of the scientific publications;
  • short communication paper on the event (conference, seminar, exhibition, issue of the important monograph), which complies with the journal’s scope.

The manuscript should be sent to the editorial staff of the journal via e-mail together with the filled and signed Cover letter form. Please, try hard to send a paper with good level of English. Well-written manuscripts will let editors and reviewers concentrate on their academic value.

Structure of the Paper

The presentation of the material in the manuscript should be built on the principle “from the general to the particular”.

The structure of research paper should consist of the following sections (it does not exclude the presence of additional subsections) and comply with the international standard АIMRaD (Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion).

Theoretical paper – АIТвRaD (Abstract, Introduction, Theoretical Basis, Results, and Discussion).

Review paper – Abstract, Introduction, Literature review, generalization of the main statements and Discussion.

Short communication paper is structured by the author in his own, but with compulsory reference to the date and place of the event. However, it does not include a big list of references and supplementary materials.

The title of the paper should fully reflect the topic of the research and its content. It must be short and concrete (not more than 15 words). Besides it should catch the reader’s interest and it should be written using the scientific style. It is appropriate to point the object of research or concretize it using the colon or the brackets. It is not recommended to use contractions, but if used, then only for the commonly known ones.

Author (authors)
Here the name (first name and last name) of the author (authors) (Byline?) must be written. Those authors who use the patronymic or middle name should write only the first. The authors whose names are written in the Cyrillic alphabet must transliterate them correctly. Those who need the transliteration can use the websites or
After the names of the authors, there should be written their academic degree and academic rank, places of work (university, academic institution, etc. or the organization to which they belong) (Affiliation), city and country. If the name of city or country is already used as author's affiliation still both the city and the country should be indicated. The name of the organization or the institution must be indicated, separated by the comma in the nominative case and this name must be full, without contractions and abbreviations. Also the authors should indicate their e-mails.
If there are several authors, they make a decision themselves concerning the order of their mentioning in the title of the paper (recommended variant – depending on the contribution to the research). The list of authors includes only those persons who have really taken part in the research and agreed to bear full responsibility for its content. Research funding or taking part in paying the article processing charge is not a prerequisite for being included in the list of co-authors. While forming the list of the authors, a special attention should be paid to the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) principles.

In order to bring the academic degrees, academic ranks and occupations, which are used in some emerging economies or the developing countries, in line with the international standards, the corresponding table should be used ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS FOR ACADEMIC RANKS, DEGREES AND JOB TITLES.

It should be written using the following algorithm: first two or three sentences indicate the relevance of the topic; the aim and object of the study; the methodology (methods) of the study (for theoretical studies – its theoretical basis) are described; the obtained results and their practical value are characterized. At the same time, every statement must follow logically from the previous one. In the abstract for a research paper, it is recommended to use the numerical results. In the abstract of a review paper, the author can only point the issues discussed, without presenting the results. While writing the abstract, it is necessary to use the active voice instead of the passive voice, and such words as “thus”, “for instance”, “as a result”, etc. In the abstract, the author should not refer to any researches or other sources of information. The abstract should be written without subsections and without subtitles, i.e., is not structured. The text should be concise and original. It is not appropriate to use the sentences in the Abstract from the text of the paper. At the same time, the material which is absent in the paper cannot be presented in the Abstract. In the Abstract, the author should not refer to any sources, use tables and figures. The number of words must be in average 150-250.

The purpose of keywords is to provide the insight to the reader into the contents of the paper. They should reflect the area of the research. The number of keywords should be 5-10 in average. There should not be the sentences, but the words or word groups. If the object of the study is not mentioned in the title of the paper (including the country, the region), it should be added to the list of keywords. There is no need to replicate words from the title of the paper.

JEL Classification
If earlier the author was not aware of this classification system, he/she should attentively look through it in order to have a common understanding of all the areas defined in it The codes, indicated by the author should clearly reflect the research area. The author is welcome to use the codes from two or three areas, if they are covered in the research.

Both scientific issues and the relevance of the research should be substantiated and explained in the introduction. Also a problem statement should be pointed out. The introduction should not be long, the author should avoid using tables and figures.

Literature Review
Literature review provides an analysis and generalization of relevant works (papers, monographs, reports, theses, etc.), which describe the essence of the problem and/or give an understanding on the previous efforts to solve it. The Literature Review should comply with the aim of the research (“fitness for purpose”) and represent the results of critical analysis of the analytical base for testing the research hypothesis.
Literature review must not be limited only by works, which were published in the country where the author lives and works (the problem should be studied globally). Particularly it concerns the authors from non-English speaking countries (they are recommended to thoroughly analyze the works published in English).
If appropriate, normative legal acts are also analyzed.
Only those sources are given and analyzed in the paper, which really are valuable for the author’s research. The author cannot just make long lists of authors and their works, which are related to the investigated issues. The author cannot take the pieces of review text from other works with reference to other authors and include their works in the list of references. When citing, the author is obliged to observe ethical and moral principles.
While making literature review, the author can use own publications and refer to them, but only in order to describe the problem, but not to increase the citation level.
It is recommended to finish the literature review with the presentation of unsolved issues, identification of contradictions in the results and findings of the previous researches, justification of the need to continue the studies in this area and choice of the specific topic (direction) of this study.
In the literature review and throughout the text of the paper as a whole, references to the sources are made in compliance with Reference list and citation style guide or refer to APA formatting and style guide (American Psychological Association).

The aim describes main results in a short and concrete manner (in one sentence), the achievement of which is the purpose of the research. Here can also be mentioned several intermediate problems, the solution of which will ensure that the aim is achieved. The aim should not replicate the title of the manuscript.

The methods (methodology) of the study are indicated in this section (commonly known), which author uses in the research, and/or the methodology offered by the author himself is described in a short and concrete manner. If methods and procedures offered are used in other works, the author should refer to the original sources.
In this subsection of the theoretical paper the theoretical basis of the research should be described, theories, perspectives, formulae, equations should be presented.
If commonly known statistic procedures are used in the paper, the author should not describe their essence, it is sufficient just to point them.

Here empirical or theoretical data obtained in the process of the research are given. It is recommended to use figures, tables, graphs, schemes. The interpretation of the obtained results is not made in this section. Also there should not be presented the results, which were earlier obtained by the authors or other scientists.

Here the interpretation of the results obtained during the research is made. A comparison is made with the results obtained by other researchers.

In this section the main ideas of the manuscript are presented, the obtained results and their novelty are demonstrated. The possibility of practical use of the obtained results should be outlined and the directions for further scientific research should be offered.

In this subsection, the relevant scientific programs, grants, scholarships, contracts are indicated.
The author can also mention the persons or organizations, which helped him in conducting the research (access to information, organization of the survey, interview, etc.) and preparation of the paper (advice at the stage of writing, critical remarks, help in calculations, etc.).

The list of references must be made in the alphabetical order. While indicating the source, which was analyzed in the source language (not in English), it should be indicated first in the source language, then the transliteration should be made in brackets. It is recommended that it should be done with the transliteration for English-speaking systems (it is better to use transliteration of the system British Standards Institution.
Download “Business Perspectives” Reference list and citation style guide or refer to APA formatting and style guide.
Transliteration from Ukrainian can be made with the help of Ukrainian transliteration and the website, from Russian – with the help of Russian transliteration, from several other languages, which use the Cyrillic alphabet, with the help of the website

Supplementary Materials
The supplementary materials are the big size figures, tables, graphs, schemes, photographs, etc., which are referred to throughout the text of the paper.

Paper Submission Guidelines
The number of words in the paper may vary from 4000 to 6000 (for short communication paper – from 1000 to 2000).Considering the issue concerning the calculation of the number of words in the paper, the information about the authors, title, abstract and keywords, list of references and appendices should not be included. The number of sources, in the list of references, should not exceed 50. Supplementary materials should not exceed 5 pages. Note, that the paper should be submitted in the format Microsoft Word or compatible (.DOC, .DOCX).
Tables, schemes, figures, photographs of other authors should not be used in the text of the paper without their written permission.

The presentation of the text in the paper must comply with the Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

Publishing process

Submission process
To submit a paper, please send two copies of manuscript, one in MS Word format (.doc or .docx) and one in PDF, and completed Cover letter form attached to an e-mail to the editorial assistant.
Make sure that all supplementary materials (tables, figures, equations, and images) are editable. In case the editorial assistant asks to send editable elements, please do it as soon as possible to make the reviewing process faster. To prepare your paper for submission, please read Submission Guidelines.

Infringement of Research Misconduct Policies will result in paper rejection and possible sanctions against authors.

Review process
All papers are "double-blind" peer-reviewed. Detailed information can be found in Peer Review section.

All authors receive reviewer’s comments immediately after the manuscript had been reviewed. The authors have the opportunity to request a Referee Report, which they receive without revealing the identity of the reviewer and can appeal against editorial decisions responding to the referees with authors’ arguments and explanations.

Article Processing Charges (APC)
APC are paid by the authors in order for their articles to be published in open-access under one of Creative Commons licenses. APC cover the costs of publication process, including peer-review administrating, copy editing, hosting the files etc. APC is different for each journal and detailed information can be found on the respective journal pages.

After the paper is typeset, the publisher will provide the authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of errors. Only changes to the title of the paper, list of authors or scientific errors will be considered and further approved by the publishing team. The publisher is not responsible for the errors which are the results of authors' oversight. We reserve the right to make the final decision regarding style and the size of figures.

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Publisher may use authors’ personal information to:

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We may share authors’ information with appropriate agents, representatives, mutual establishments and organizations, we are agents or sponsors to. This information may be shared only for appropriate reasons, which may be important for us in business matters or according to our legal obligations.

LLC “CPC “Business Perspectives” takes all necessary precautionary measures to protect your personal information from theft, abuse, unauthorized access, disclosure, change, and distraction with the help of appropriate administrative, physical, and technical measures in providing security.



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Open-access articles
Authors whose articles are published in open-access retain copyright to the content of the articles. The publisher is granted the right to make the first publication of the article. Open access articles can be published under one of the following Creative Commons licenses by the author's choice (remember that licenses are irrevocable).

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 4.0: allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed.

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Additionally, if the article had been published under CC BY-NC 4.0, the use for the following commercial purposes requires permission:

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Editorial Board members and reviewers constantly work on increasing the efficiency of manuscripts evaluation and selection of the papers that present extreme importance to the scientific field. In this respect, there are factors that result in a rejection of a significant share of papers submitted for publication. The reasons for rejection can be different. Main reasons are listed in Peer Review and Research Misconduct Policies.

Kozmenko Science Publishing emphasizes that in no case place of work or country of residence of the scientist, his racial or religious affiliation can be the reason for rejection.

In this respect, we ask the authors to pay attention to necessity of observing publication ethics principles. Submitted manuscripts should be relevant in content and comply with the aim, tasks and specialization of the journal.

The language of the manuscript should be professional, and the format should comply with the standards given. Weak English and incompliance with the format standards will not obligatorily lead to rejection, but can delay paper acceptance until the author makes the amendments. The acceptance rate for the journal is calculated as a number of manuscripts accepted for publication compared with total number of manuscripts submitted in one year.

To have a clear vision about period of consideration and process of review of your paper, authors can always contact the editorial assistant. Period of paper consideration is not fixed and can be changed depending on different factors, but our employees will keep you informed about the status of the publishing process.

Acceptance rate and average time from submission to publication will be displayed in the beginning of 2018.


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The Author may deposit published version of the paper (final edited and typeset version that is made publicly available by the Publisher and can be considered an article) to any institutional repository, and distribute and make it publicly available in any way with acknowledgement to the Publisher and the Journal (acknowledgement should be made as follows: "This is a published version of the paper, available at LLC "CPC "Business Perspectives" at[DOI of the article]").


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Article processing charge for “Tourism and Travelling” for the authors with affiliation in high-income countries  or upper middle-income countries is 295 €, APC for the authors with affiliation in lower middle-income countries  195 € and APC for the authors with affiliation in low-income countries is 155 €. Please request an invoice (or information about other methods of payment) from an editorial assistant or follow the link to Pay online.

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Tetyana Tkachenko

Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of Department of Tourism and Recreation, Member of the Academy of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine, Member of Expert Council of the Youth, Sport and Tourism Committee of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Member of Scientific Council on Tourism and Resorts of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, Kyiv National University of Economics and Trade, Ukraine.

Spheres of scientific interests: tourism economics, hotel business economics, tourism draw, strategy of development of travel business.