Supply chain disruptions in the context of early stages of the global COVID-19 outbreak

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The world finds itself facing unprecedented conditions as the global pandemic of the COVID-19 virus has led to fundamental changes in the global supply chains. This paper aims to assess the initial response undertaken by Central European companies in the early stages of the outbreak. The survey was conducted as a research method to collect data from a large number of companies. Since it takes time to assess long-term effects of the pandemic and related measures, various changes in supply chains are examined as the early results of the COVID-19 crisis and measures implemented by companies. The study examines how different economy sectors were changed due to this situation. The changes in operating volumes were identified as the most commonly used measures to accommodate new market developments. However, developing the new supply chain partnership was the most successful measure. This measure correlates with an increase in revenues and an increase in the number of customers. In some cases, disruptions in supply chains had positive effects on revenues as a reaction to the COVID-19 epidemic outbreak. Cross-country examinations found that all Polish companies implemented at least one new measure to tackle this crisis. Nearly 20% of Slovak companies and nearly 30% of Czech companies made no changes in their operations during the early stages of the crisis. However, overall, the supply chains in Central European countries turned out to be quite resilient, since most companies managed to survive the supply chain disruptions and in some cases even show signs of overcoming them completely.

Acknowledgement
This contribution was supported by the project No. 1/0757/18, “Consumer behavior in buying goods of daily consumption with an emphasis placed different contents of goods offered on markets of selected EU countries”.

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    • Figure 1. Changes in revenues based on disruptions in international supply chain nodes
    • Figure 2. Disruptions in international supply chain nodes based on country of origin
    • Table 1. Structure of a sample file
    • Table 2. Changes in the supply chain structure
    • Table 3. Changes in the number of supply chain nodes
    • Table 4. Changes in revenues based on business sector
    • Table 5. Measures implemented as an initial response to the COVID-19 crisis
    • Table 6. Measures implemented in the context of changes and disruptions in supply chains
    • Conceptualization
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Data curation
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Formal Analysis
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Investigation
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Methodology
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Software
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Validation
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Visualization
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Writing – original draft
      Lenka Veselovská
    • Writing – review & editing
      Lenka Veselovská