The impact of organizational culture on job performance: a study of Saudi Arabian public sector work culture

  • Received March 8, 2018;
    Accepted July 18, 2018;
    Published August 9, 2018
  • Author(s)
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  • Article Info
    Volume 16 2018, Issue #3, pp. 207-218
  • Cited by
    1 articles

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

This research aims to assess direct and indirect influences of organizational culture on job performance, as well as to evaluate the impact of each sub-element of organizational culture on such performance. It is argued that employees performance derives, on the one hand, from a long-term perspective related to changes that organizations manage and implement during their process of growth. A second dimension of organizational culture can be given through organizational values, routines and distinctive aspects of culture that allow organizations to create solid competitive advantages. Since most studies in this field were held in Western work cultures, this paper will be devoted to the analysis of this relationship within an Arabic cultural environment and more specifically within a Saudi context. A quantitative study tool, based on a comprehensive research questionnaire, was used and the sample was selected from various government departments being operative in Alkharj. The findings indicate a positive relationship between organizational culture and job performance. Likewise, four organizational culture sub-elements, namely Managing Change, Achieving Goals, Coordinating Teamwork and Cultural Strength, were found affecting positively on job performance, but with varying and distinct intensity. Only Customer Orientation was found negatively associated with job performance.

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    • Figure 1. Research model
    • Table 1. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 2. Reliability analysis
    • Table 3. ANOVA: Organizational culture scale
    • Table 4. ANOVA: Job performance scale
    • Table 5. Descriptive statistics
    • Table 6. Correlation between the variables
    • Table 7. Model summary
    • Table 8. Coefficients
    • Table 9. Inter-item correlation matrix
    • Table 10. Coefficients