Peculiarities of staff motivation at small food industry enterprises

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A leading force in successful Human Resource Management is a sound motivation system that can significantly improve the efficiency of employees and companies. However, there are significant differences in the motivation of the small business staff. The article aims to identify the peculiarities of this type of motivation and develop recommendations for their practical application. More specifically, motivation process in small food businesses is identified as a subject of research. Using the methods of theoretical and statistical analysis, the article also focuses on the behavioral approach and pays special attention to individual aspirations, performance, engagement and all those vital moments that shape motivation as a psychological process. Besides, the article has described the impact of socio-economic factors on work activity, set the basic principles for small business staff motivation, outlined the prevailing financial and moral incentives and substantiated the main components of an effective motivational system for small enterprises. Most elements of this system can be applied to any small company, not only the food industry.

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    • Figure 1. The level of salaries at domestic food industry enterprises in 2010-2017
    • Figure 2. Assessment of employee motivation in the regions of Ukraine 2013-2018 (in 2013 the maximum value is 7, in 2018 the maximum value is 6)
    • Table 1. The level of salaries at domestic food industry enterprises in 2010-2017
    • Table 2. Personnel costs of enterprises in 2017 with distribution to large, medium and small
    • Table 3. Average monthly costs of enterprises per employee in 2010–2014