Financial literacy as a moderator linking financial resource availability and SME growth in Ghana


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The argument holds that visionary and dynamic small and medium enterprises (SMEs) tend to position growth at the centre of strategy. However, there has been a growing body of literature that has examined how financial literacy can support owner-managers
of SMEs in making solid financial decisions that will enhance the growth of their businesses. In the present study, financial literacy and financial resource availability were modelled as different antecedents of SMEs growth. Nevertheless, the boundary condition for such models has received very little attention in the context of Ghana. Accordingly, in regard to resource-based view (RBV) logic, the current research examined the implications of contingency variable financial literacy (proficiency) on the relationship between financial resource availability and SMEs growth, particularly in the context of Ghana. The findings of the current research revealed that high financial literacy led to more positive effect of financial resource availability on SMEs growth.

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    • Figure 1. The joint effect of financial resource availability and financial literacy on firm growth
    • Table 1. Various SMEs sector contributions to GDP in Ghana
    • Table 2. Descriptive statistics of the study constructs
    • Table 3. Confirmatory analysis results
    • Table 4. Collinearity diagnostics using firm growth as the dependent variable
    • Table 5. Results of moderated regression analysis