Accounting of non-performing long-term bank loans in Ukraine

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The research paper outlines general problems of ensuring the continuity of the reproductive process in the Ukrainian economy with the help of long-term bank lending, and the problem of improving the accounting of non-performing long-term bank loans in the country was urged. The importance of solving this problem is conditioned by the significance of this group of loans in the loan portfolios of Ukrainian banks in terms of the current crisis economic situation in Ukraine. The objective of the research paper is to analyze the current state and trends in the methodology and practice of accounting of non-performing long-term bank loans in Ukraine, as well as formulate and substantiate directions for improving this methodology and practice. In the process of fulfilling the tasks of this reserch paper, the significance of the objective accounting of non-performing long-term loans of banks was substantiated; the status and changes in the accounting system of non-performing loans of Ukrainian banks were analyzed; the importance of European experience in this area was urged, which has being consistently adopted; and the scheme of allowing for changes in a share of non-performing bank loans when determining loan price was suggested. The ways to improve the accounting system of non-performing long-term loans in Ukrainian banks were suggested.

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    • Figure 1. Analysis of the correlation of the value and dynamics of interest income and interest costs in Ukrainian banks in 2009–2016
    • Figure 2. The main reasons for the low activity of Ukrainian banks in the market of long-term lending to economic entities of the country
    • Figure 3. Ways of improving the methodology and practice of accounting of long-term bank loans in Ukraine
    • Table 1. Volumes of active transactions and share of non-performing assets