Agro-ecology in action: The environmental oasis projects

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Agro-ecology is now considered as an alternative model to the industrial agricultural model. Faced with the limitations of conventional production models, agro-ecology is emerging today as a possible response to the challenges of the 21st century: food security, circularity, respect for the environment, and development of employment. More generally, the adoption of circular principles aims to decouple environmental pressure from agricultural productivism. Agro-ecology is a relevant research topic because it aims to ensure sustainable and resilient agricultural production, to empower local farmers, to protect the environment and to fight against climate change. This article focuses on the French Oasis projects, as part of the “Hummingbird movement” initiated by Pierre Rabhi, and which represent a successful agro-ecological experience, in economic, social and environmental terms. Different data were collected by compiling information available on the website of 76 Oasis projects across France: people living in the community; lodging possibilities; availability of a school; and direct relationship with local farmers. Then, a social factorial correspondence analysis and an environmental factorial correspondence analysis were realized to evaluate the impacts of environmental Oasis projects. The results show that profitable organizations seem to conduct more social and environmental activities in an agro-ecology context, and they put in place more actions than those who have no profitable aims.

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    • Figure 1. Representation of the social factorial correspondence analysis
    • Figure 2. Representation of the environmental factorial correspondence analysis
    • Figure 3. Economic and ecological loops
    • Table 1. Transgression of the nine “planetary boundaries”
    • Table 2. Environmental actions undertaken by the Oasis projects (2018)
    • Table 3. Social grades
    • Table 4. Coordinates for the graph: social aspect
    • Table 5. Environmental grades
    • Table 6. Coordinates for the graph: environmental aspects