Vegetable market: competitive advantages of Georgian product and competition challenges

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The paper evaluates the level of competition on the vegetable market. Based on the analysis of the production development trends and resource potential, dynamics and ratio of export and import of agricultural products, including vegetables are presented; dynamics of self-sufficiency ratio of these products is studied; challenges of food security and competitive advantages of Georgian vegetables are identified.
The article concludes that the country has a significant potential for exporting vegetables both to the countries of Europe and Middle East. The paper discusses the factors that hinder export of vegetables; in addition, the ways for reducing dependency on seasonality, opportunities for the development of modern greenhouses and mechanisms for supplying goods to customers all year round are suggested.
On the basis of analyzing the level of competition on the vegetable market, vegetable business is considered as monopolistic. In addition, it is calculated that, currently, local vegetables products account for only 75% of the market.
The paper evaluates the outcomes of high market power caused by monopoly in vegetable business; the impact of market power on pricing mechanism and the welfare of population is determined. In accordance with the problems identified, conclusions are made and recommendations for solving these problems are suggested.

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    • Figure 1. The ten main producers of vegetables
    • Figure 2. Vegetable production in European countries (2015)
    • Figure 3. The main exported vegetables according to the volume (2016)
    • Figure 4. Main indicators of vegetable production in Georgia in the period 2010–2016
    • Figure 5. Dynamics of vegetable import in Georgia
    • Figure 6. Dynamics of vegetable prices in Georgia
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