Research misconduct policies

Plagiarism

All manuscripts that are being sent for an external peer review, are screened for originality. By submitting their manuscripts to the journal authors are agreeing to any necessary originality checks the manuscript may have to undergo during the publication process.

The Publishing Company "Business Perspectives" advocates adherence to the principles of ethics and integrity of science, which is why it has chosen a reliable partner in ensuring the scientific publications quality and has concluded a cooperation agreement with Unicheck.

The service was created by Ukrainian developers in 2014 and is actively functioning at academic institutions, universities, publishing houses, etc. in Ukraine, Belgium, the USA and other countries of the world.

Clear and manageable reporting data (search and ability to take properly cited sentences and list of references); colorizing all text similarities and generating a list of links to original sources; automatic determining the characters and letters replacement in the text, as well as the reverse automatic substitution into the text of the correct ones and search for a modified version plagiarism; one-page test rate is 2-4 seconds; possibility of simultaneous check up as much as 100 works; support for 18 file formats; and multilingualism (56 languages) are the service advantages. Thanks to the detailed reports generated by Unicheck, the evaluating each work gets much simpler and faster.

Besides the Ukrainian software, manuscripts are additionally tested using the powerful Similarity Check service initiated by the PILA publishers association and embedded in CrossRef international scientific and research information register. This service is developed for publishers to prevent scientific and professional plagiarism; it consists of Similarity Check and the iThenticate tool, which compares the author's work with the database contents and shows similarities or similar text for further review of the academic paper.

Plagiarism implies the use another author's work without permission or acknowledgement. Plagiarism may have different forms from copying word by word to rewriting. While defining plagiarism the following definitions are taken into account:

Literal copying
Copying the work word by word, in general or in parts, without permission or acknowledgement of the source. Literal copying is clearly plagiarism and is easily detected by plagiarism software.

Substantial copying
Replicating substantial part of the work without permission and confirmation of the source. In determining what is "substantial", both the quantity and the quality of the copied content are relevant.
Quality is measured by relative value of copied text comparing to the whole text. Where the essence of the work was copied, even not very big part of it, plagiarism is identified.

Paraphrasing
Copying may be made without literal replicating, used in the original work. This type of copying is known as paraphrasing and it may be the most difficult type of plagiarism to reveal.
Plagiarism in all its forms is unacceptable and will lead to immediate rejection of the paper along with possible sanctions against authors.

Allegations about authorship of contributions

It is important that all authors are declared in the list of authors and are declared in the Cover letter form, sent along with a submitted paper. To be considered the author, a person should be responsible for particular research aspect or preparation for work or make particular contribution to the concept, project, fulfillment, or research explanation, and it must be confirmed in the final work form. Insignificant contribution may not be considered as an authorship. A person who provides insignificant contribution or appropriate data or other type of help may be considered as "contributor" by author/co-authors, and may be declared in the paper in acknowledgement section. According to our policy, author/co-authors of submitted paper must fill in the Cover letter form to identify all participants, as well as confirm their consent to publish the paper.

Duplicate submission

Authors must present papers which are unique and must not be submitted to any other journal (except for some unusual circumstances and only with reviewer's approval). Sometimes authors may ignore this requirement, submitting the same document to several journals or submitting several documents on the basis of one and the same research. As in plagiarism duplicate submission may take different forms: literal copying, partial, but substantial copying or even paraphrased copying of the research. The publisher sticks to the policy which forbids publication of multiple papers on the basis of a single research. Infringement of this policy will result in immediate rejection along with possible sanctions against authors.

Citation manipulation

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author's work, or to articles published in a particular journal, will result in immediate rejection along with possible sanctions against authors.

Data falsification

If the falsified or fabricated data of experimental results (this also includes manipulation of images) will be found in the submitted paper, it will result in an immediate rejection along with possible sanctions against authors.

Sanctions

The following sanctions may be imposed in case of infringement of abovementioned policies:

  • Immediate rejection of the manuscript.
  • Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by LLC "CPC "Business Perspectives".
  • Publication embargo against all authors of the manuscript (prohibition for any new submissions to any journal published by LLC "CPC "Business Perspectives"). The term of the embargo may vary, but the minimum is 24 months.
  • Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal published by LLC "CPC "Business Perspectives".